1984 Summary Essay Research Paper Summary The

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1984 Summary Essay, Research Paper Summary: The Story starts, as the title tells us, in the year of 1984, and it deals in England or how it is called at that time, Airstrip One. Airstrip One itself is a the mainland of a huge country, called Oceania, which contains North America, South Africa, and Australia. The country is ruled by the Party, which is led by a figure called Big Brother. The population itself is divided in three parts: 1.The Inner Party (app. 1% of the population) 2.The Outer Party (app. 18% of the population) 3.The Proles The narrator of the book is all-knowing and he is not participating in the action of the book himself. The main figure is Winston Smith, a member of the Party.Winston works in the Records Department of the Ministry of Truth, rewriting

records of the past. The action of the book starts when Winston develops critic thoughts against the ruling dictatorship of the party, for the first time. Doing so he buys himself a book, which were very rare these days, to use it as a diary. Because individual expression was forbidden by the Party, having a diary was a crime, which could be punished even with death. There were so-called telescreens in each room, which were showing propaganda and political pamphlets, and had a build in camera and microphone, in order to spy on the people. Therefore keeping a secret book was not only very dangerous, but also very difficult. When he makes the first entry in the diary ,Winston thinks about an experience he has made during the Two Minutes Hate, a propaganda film, that was repeated

each day. During this Film he caught the eye of O’Brien, a member of the Inner Party, of whom he taught that he might stand also critic to the regime, or that at least there is a bond of some kind between them. After the reflection, he finds that he has written the sentence :”Down with Big Brother” all over the page. In the same night Winston dreams about, his mother and sister, who starved to death in the war, because he was so greedy. Then he dreams of having sex with a girl that he has seen in the Records Department, during the Two Minute Hate. Early in the morning Winston is waken up by the harsh voice from the telescreen. During the performance of the exercises, Winston’s thoughts move back to his childhood. The last thing he remembers clearly, is the World War.

After the WW the party has taken control of the country, and from then on it was difficult to remember anything, because the party changed the history permanently to their own benefit (see Doublethink – Political System).After the exercises Winston goes to work, to the Minitrue (Ministry of Truth), where his job is to alter records, and once altered, to throw them into the Memory Hole where they are burnt. For example B.B. (Big Brother) has said that there will be no reduction of the chocolate ration, but there has been one, so Winston has to rewrite an old article, where the speech of B.B. is written down. At dinner Winston Smith meets Syme, a philologist, who is working on the 11 the edition of The Newspeak Dictionary (see Newspeak – Political System), and Syme explains the

main character of their work on this dictionary. During their conversation the telescreen announces that the chocolate ration has been risen to 20 g a week, whereas yesterday it was cut down to 20 g a week.Winston wonders if he’s the only person with memory, that isn’t inflicted by Doublethink. As he looks around in the dining room , and he catches the eye of the dark-haired girl, he had dreamed the same night. Home again he makes an entry into his diary, of his meeting with a prostitute three years ago. He remembered her ugliness, but nevertheless he had sex with her. Winston had a wife, but she was very stupid and just following the orders of the Party, and this orders said that there may only be Sex to produce “new material” for the Party, and that sex for the personal