1984 Summary Essay Research Paper Summary The — страница 3

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as it is called – does exist, and that in the encounter with O’Brien he has come into contact with its outer edge. He knows he has embarked on a course of action which will lead , in one way or another, to the cells of the Ministry of Love. Some days later Winston and Julia meet each other to go to the flat of O’Brien, which lies in the district of the Inner Party. They are admitted to a richly furnitured room by a servant. To their astonishment O’Brien switches off the Telescreen in the room.(Normally it is impossible to turn it off) Winston blurts out why they have come: they want to work against the Party, they believe in the existence of the Brotherhood, and that O’Brien is involved with it. Martin, O’Brien servant brings real red vine, and they drink a toast to

Emanuel Goldstein, leader of the Brotherhood. O’Brien asks them a series of questions about their willingness to commit various atrocities on behalf of the Brotherhood and gets their assent. They leave, and again some days later Winston gets a copy of “The Book”, a book written by Emanuel Goldstein, about his political ideas. Now it was Hate Week, and suddenly the war with Eurasia has stopped, and a war with Eastasia has started. This of course meant a lot of work for Winston. He had to change dozens of articles which were about the war with Eurasia. But nevertheless Winston has found time to read the book. The book has three chapters titled, “War is Peace”, “Ignorance is Strength” and “Freedom is Slavery”, which were also the main phrases of the party. The main

ideas of the book are: 1: War is important for consuming the products of human labour, if this work would be used to increase the standard of living, the control of the party over the people would decrease. War is the economy basis for a hierarchical society. 2: There is an emotional need to believe in the ultimate victory of Big Brother. 3: In becoming continuous war has ceased to exist. The continuity of the war guarantees the permanence of the current order. In other words “War is Peace” 4: There have always been three main grades of society; the High, the Middle and the Low, and no change has brought human equality a millimetre nearer. 5: Collectivism doesn’t lead to socialism. In the event the wealth now belongs to the new “high-class”, the bureaucrats and

administrators. Collectivism has ensured the permanence of economic inequality. 6: Wealth is not inherited from person to person, but it is kept within the ruling group. 7: The masses (proles) are given freedom of thought, because they don’t think! A Party member is not allowed the slightest deviation of thought, and there is an elaborate mental training to ensure this, a training that can be summarised in the concept of doublethink. So far the book has analysed how the Party works. It has not yet attempted to deal with why the Party has arisen. Before continuing with the next chapter Winston turns to Julia, and finds her asleep. He too falls asleep. The next morning when he awakes the sun is shining, and down in the yard a prole women is singing and working. Winston again is

filled with the conviction that the future lies with the proles, that they will overthrow the greyness of the Party. But suddenly reality crashes in. “We are the death”, he says to Julia. An iron voice behind them repeats the phrase, the picture on the wall falls to bits to reveal a telescreen behind it. Uniformed man thunder into the room and they carry Winston and Julia out.Winston is in a cell in what he presumes is the Ministry of Love. He is sick with hunger and fear, and if he makes a movement or a sound, a harsh voice will bawl at him from the four telescreens. A prisoner is brought in that is dying of starvation, his face is skull-like. Later the man is brought to “Room 101″ after screaming and struggling, and even offering his children’s sacrifices in his

stead. O’Brien comes in. Winston thinks that they must have got him too, but O’Brien says that they got him long time ago. A guard his Winston, and he becomes unconscious. As he wakes up he is tied down to a kind of bed. O’Brien stands beside the bed, and Winston feels that O’Brien, who is the torturer, is also somehow a friend. The aim of O’Brien is to teach Winston the technique of Doublethink, and he does it by inflicting pain in ever-increasing intensity. He reminds Winston that he wrote the sentence:” Freedom is the freedom to say that two plus two makes four”. O’Brien holds up four fingers of his left hand, and he asks Winston how many there are. Winston answers four a couple of times, and each time the pain increases (this is not done to make Winston lie,