British slang and its classification

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BRITISH SLANG AND ITS CLASSIFICATION PLAN INTRODUCTION 1.1 Tasks of the course work 1.2 Definition of slang MAIN PART 2.1 The origin of slang. 2.2 Types of slang. a) Cockney rhyming slang Polari Internet slang Slang of army, police Money slang 2.3. Phonetic peculiarities of slang 2.4. Morphological characteristics of slang PRACTICAL PART CONCLUSION BIBLIOGRAPHY Slang is a language which takes off its coat, spits on its hands - and goes to work. Carl Sandburg INTRODUCTION 1.1 Tasks of the course work The understanding of the native speakers' language is the international problem for our people. Our secondary schools teach the students only the bases of the English language. Our universities do not prepare them to the British streets, accommodations, pubs where people use their

own language, the language that differs from that of their parents. They use other words- they use slang. None of the most advanced and flexible ways of teaching English of any country can catch modern quickly developing English. Some scholars divide the English language into two different languages: the Standard English language and slang. This fact proves that slang comes to be a very numerous part of English. Ignorance of slang causes a great miscommunication between students and native speakers. The language of the previous centuries contrasts from the modern language. The life does not freeze in the same position. It always develops. And it makes the language develop too. That is why the present work is devoted to this social phenomenon. The aim of my course paper is to

analyze different approaches to the definition of slang, to determine the most important groups of the British slang, to show its lexical, phonetic and morphological peculiarities. The object of my study is the wealth of English language, ambiguity of its vocabulary and the most common rules of slang usage in Britain. The subjects of my research are various points of view on slang, its history and types and linguistic characteristics common for the British slang. Choosing the topic of my investigation I `m perfectly aware of the fact that slang is unlimited so it is almost impossible to analyze every word of it. I hope to summarize different points of view on slang and it is my hope that more readers should discover this interesting layer of the English language. Although the

work could hardly cover all the aspects of the phenomenon the task is as exciting as challenging. To achieve the set aim I determine the following tasks: 1. to search the origin of slang; 2. to study the words' transition through English vocabulary; 3. to study the problem of the classification of slang; 4. to understand the aim of the modern usage of slang; 5. to distinguish different kinds of slang; 6. to study the ways of slang word- formation; 7. to analyze phonetic peculiarities of slang; 8. to compare the results of the analysis. 1.2 Definition of slang Every adult speaker has a concept of slang--knowing at the least that some words and expressions transgress generally accepted norms of formality or appropriateness and in some way do not fit the measure of what

"good" language is. Despite such recognition by almost all speakers, scholars with formal training in linguistic analysis have almost ignored slang--though they acknowledge having the same intuitions about this type of vocabulary as do all speakers. In truth, most linguists have given no more thought to slang than have people who claim no expertise in language. In the English-speaking world in particular, the description of the form and function of slang has been left largely to lexicographers rather than to others who study language for a living. Webster’s "Third New International Dictionary" gives the following definition of the term slang: 1. Language peculiar to a particular group as: a) the special and often secret vocabulary used by a class (as