British slang and its classification — страница 7

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There is some debate about how it originated. There is a longstanding connection with Punch and Judy street puppet performers who traditionally used Polari to talk with each other.0 Polari is a mixture of Romance (Italian or Mediterranean Lingua Franca), Romany, London slang, backslang, rhyming slang, sailor slang, and thieves' cant. Later it expanded to contain words from the Yiddish language of the Jewish subculture which settled in the East End of London, the US forces (present in the UK during World War II) and 1960s drug users. It was a constantly developing form of language, with a small core lexicon of about 20 words (including bona, ajax, eek, cod, naff, lattie, nanti, omi, palone, riah, zhoosh (tjuz), TBH, trade, vada), with over 500 other lesser-known items. In 1990

Morrissey titled an album Bona Drag– Polari for "nice outfit"– and the title of his "Piccadilly Palare" single that same year is an alternative spelling of what would be "Piccadilly Polari." Also in 1990, comic book writer Grant Morrison created the character Danny the Street (based on Danny La Rue), a sentient transvestite street for the comic Doom Patrol. Danny speaks largely in Polari. The 1998 film Velvet Goldmine, which chronicles a fictional retelling of the rise and fall of glam rock, contains a 60s flashback in which a group of characters converse in Polari, while their words are humorously subtitled below. In 2002, two books on Polari were published, Polari: The Lost Language of Gay Men, and Fantabulosa: A Dictionary of Polari and Gay

Slang (both by Paul Baker). Also in 2002, hip hop artist Juha released an album called Polari, with the chorus of the title song written entirely in the slang. Word Definition AC/DC a couple ajax nearby (from adjacent?) alamo hot for you/him aunt nell listen, hear aunt nells ears aunt nelly fakes earrings aunt nell danglers earrings barney a fight batts shoes bibi bisexual bijou small/little (means "jewel" in French) blag pick up blue code word for "homosexual" Bod body Internet slang Internet slang (Internet language, Internet Short-hand, leet, netspeak or chatspeak) is a type of slang that Internet users have popularized, and in many cases, have coined. Such terms often originate with the purpose of saving keystrokes. Many people use the same abbreviations

in texting and instant messaging, and social networking websites. Acronyms, keyboard symbols and shortened words are often used as methods of abbreviation in Internet slang. In such cases, new dialects of slang, such as leet or Lolspeak, develop as ingroup memes rather than time savers. In leet speak, letters may be replaced by characters of similar appearance. For this reason, leet is often written as l33t or 1337. The Internet has transformed the way we manipulate our systems of signs and the relationships between producers and consumers of information. Its effect on slang has two aspects. Firstly, online communication has generated its own vocabulary of technical terminology, essentially jargon (spam, blogging, phishing) and informal, abbreviated or humorous terms (addy, noob,

barking moonbat etc.) which qualify as slang.0 The amount of new cyberslang is fairly small, but the Internet has also allowed the collecting, classifying and promoting of slang from other sources in. Another technical development – text messaging – has triggered changes in the culture of communication, especially among young people, and brought with it, like telegrams, CB-radio or Internet chatrooms, a new form of abbreviated code. It has excited some academic linguists but it hasn’t, however, contributed anything meaningful to the evolution of slang. 0 Word or phrase Abbreviation(s) Account acc, acct or acnt Address addy or add And n, an, nd, or & Anticipate ntcp8 Alright aight or ight or aite Are you there? rut or u der At the moment atm As far as I know afaik Back b

Be right back brb Be back later bbl Be back soon bbs Because cuz, bcuz, bcz, bcos, bc, cos, coz, cz or bcoz Best friend or Boyfriend bf or b/f Between btwn or b/w By the way btw Cousin cuzin or cuz Definitely def or deffo Does it look like I give a shit? DILLIGAS Don't know dunno Don't worry dw Falling off chair laughing focl Forever 4eva or 4evr or fo eva Girlfriend or GoodFriend gf or g/f Got to go g2g or gtg Great gr8 Have a nice day H.A.N.D. Hold on hld on or h/o Homework hw, hwk or hmwk How are you hru I can't remember icr I know aino I know, right? ikr I love you ily, luv u, ilu, luv ya, i wub u or i <3 u, 143 (I stands for one letter, Love stands for 4 letters, You stands for 3 letters) Laugh out loud / lots of love lol Laugh out loud (multiple times) lolliesm lulz or