Canada and tourism

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Contents Introduction 2 Canada in Brief 3 Canada as a country with developed tourism industry 4 Transportation in Canada 4 Accommodation 9 Catering service 11 Cousine 11 Caterers 12 Tourism industry 17 Conclusion 22 Literature 24 Introduction Canada is the second biggest country in the World – it takes one week non-stop to drive across the country coast to coast. Only parts of this huge territory are unhabited, as most Canadians live within 200 kilometers of the USA border. Although one can feel the American modern life influence, Canada generally is safer and quieter than the USA. We are not allowed to carry guns! Canada has a much smaller population and more wilderness than our neighbors to the south. Canada is very multicultural, with over 100 ethnic/linguistic

minorities accounting for 40% of the population. It has always prefered multiculturalism over assimilation, but now suffers identity problems: one multicultural nation, or many different nations in one country? Quebecer and natives, respectively 25% and 2% of the population, clearly (and legally) define themselves as a nation. The main cities are interesting and very multicultural. Forests, mountains, coastlines, islands, vast wilderness, and arctic areas are also fantastic. The central Prairies will appeal to those that love big sky view and open plains. The West coast is great, it has beautiful nature and laid-back people, but the St. Lawrence and Great Lakes valley has more history. The canadian Hospitality Club network, proportionally to the population size, is the most

important in the Americas. Otherwise there are lots of camping grounds and cheap hostels. The climate is cold and icy in winter except on the West Coast. In summer it is warm to hot in the south, cold in the Arctic East side, warm in the Artic west coast. Top Things to See and Do: Vancouver and Vancouver Island, Inside Passage to Alaska, Coast Mountains, Rocky Mountains, Lake Louise, Badlands, Yukon-Whitehorse dogsledding, Toronto, Montréal, Ottawa, Québec Old walled city, Sault Ste. Marie, The Canadian Shield, Gaspésie, Mont-Tremblant. Neighboring countries: USA and Russia. Canada in Brief Landscape: Mountains, Prairies, Desert, Arctic Tundra, Glaciers, Valleys, Foothills, Rivers, Lakes, 9,976,000 sq km (3.9 million sq mi). Population: 30 Million. Capital city: Ottawa,

Ontario (pop: 1,010,500). People: British descent (28%), French descent (23%), Italian descent (3%), aboriginal peoples (2%), plus significant minorities of German, Ukrainian, Dutch, Greek, Polish and Chinese. Languages: English, French and 53 native languages. Religion: Catholic (45%), Protestant (36%) and minorities from most of the world's major religions. Government: Parliamentary democracy. Prime Minister: Paul Martin. GDP:  US$774 billion. GDP per head: US$25,000. Primary sectors: services 74%, manufacturing 15%, construction 5%, agriculture 3%, other 3%. Annual growth: 3%. Major products/industries: processed and unprocessed minerals, food products, wood and paper products, transportation equipment, chemicals, fish products, petroleum and natural gas. Major trading

partners: USA, Japan, EU (UK, Germany, Netherlands), China and South Korea. Political Divisions: Key Attractions, Transportation, Wildlife. Canada as a country with developed tourism industry Transportation in Canada There are five primary modes of transportation in Canada – air, road, rail, water and pipeline. Depending on the circumstances, one mode of transportation usually dominates over the others. Air transportation is becoming increasingly important in today's world. TransCanada Airline, which began in 1937 was Canada's first airline. In its humble beginnings, it had 10 passenger airplanes and one crop duster. In 1965 the company changed its name to Air Canada, and today has 157 aircraft serving 545 destinations around the world, and is Canada's largest airline. Air