Classification and comparative analysis of English negative affixes — страница 9

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combinability (derivational patterns). Innocuous: negative affix in-. Morphemic analysis: in-nocuous. Derivational analysis: can not be done, the word is non-derived. In- is a prefix. We can not apply to it the classifications, based on the part of speech the affix is attached to and the part of speech if forms, because this word does not have derivatives, it was not built from any other word, it was created as it is. It has a nominative function, and it is regular. Relentless: negative affix –less. Morphemic analysis: relent-less. Derivational analysis: relent – relentless. It is verbal according to the criteria of the word it is attached to, and adjectival according to the part of speech of the derived word. It is also regular and performs a nominative function. Summing up

the written above, we can notice that: All the negative affixes in context bring the negation into a sentence, and viewed independently, some of them perform the antonymic function. Though it was stated that un-, dis- and de- are the most popular negative affixes, according to the present examples the most frequent are un- and in-. Negative affixes are rarely attached to verbs. For the purpose of negation verbs are more often preceded by a particle not and the analytical form is used. The conclusion So, we are done with the comparative and classificational analysis. In this work we, first, managed to study different sources and to make one complete list of negative affixes. We found out that all affixes can be studied from two criteria: morphological and derivational. These two

criteria were very useful in the further classificational analyses. We also studied one of the morphemic classifications and stated the place of affixes there. There are different points of view on the semantics of affixes, but most scholars agree, that they have a kind of general, additional meaning. So, sticking to this opinion, we gave the meanings of the negative affixes from different dictionaries, compared them, and observed how they are expressed in different contexts. There are numerous ways of classifying affixes. We tried to give as many classifications of both morphemes in general and affixes in particular as possible and also find out, what place is occupied by the negative affixes in any of then. Different shades of meanings were also studied and the choice for

different affixes for one and the same stem was explained. We also found out the main functions of the negative affixes, taken independently and in the context. A popular novel was used for the context, which is an example of contemporary British literature. We also studied which affixes are attached to different parts of speech and which parts of words they then build. Analyzing the examples from the novel, we made a conclusion, which affixes are the most active nowadays (which affixes are used most frequently). After giving the examples of the negative affixes in context, we singled out several words containing them and gave a complete descriptive analysis of the negative affixes using all the possible ways of classification studied earlier. Making this course paper, we gave a

general overview to affixation as a way of word formation, familiarized ourselves with English negative affixes, learned how they differ in shades of meaning from each other, and learned to differentiate them. We studied which affixes are used with stems of different parts of speech and saw which of them are able to transform words of one part of speech into another, studied the peculiarities of their usage. It is very useful for a linguist and a translator, it can be a great help especially in our future study and work. Bibliography M.L Burns Scope English Writing and Language skill Level three – Scholastic Inc., 1982. Л.Л. Касаткин, Е.В. Клобуков, П.А. Лекант Краткий справочник по современному русскому

языку. – М.: Высшая школа, 1995. – 382 с. Л.Г. Паранук, З.С. Хабекирова, Ф.С. Адзинова Щтрицание в мнологической и диалогической речи, Майкоп, 2004. А.А. Ривлина. Теоретическая грамматика английского языка: учебно-методическое пособие. - Благовещенск: БГПУ, 2009. - 118 с. З.А. Харитончик Лексикология английского языка. – Минск: Высшая школа, 1992. Addison Wesley Longman. Longman Dictionary of English Language and culture. 1998. A.S. Hornby. Edited by Sally Wehmeier. Oxford Advanced Lerner’s Dictionary of Current English. Oxford