Development of creative abilities at English lessons — страница 3

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The modern approach to studying of English language assumes not only getting of any sum of knowledge in a subject, but also development of own position, own relation to the reading: mutual wondering, empathy, interfaces and author's "I". The dictionary of short terms treats the concept "essay" as a sketch version in which the leading role is played both by fact of reproduction and the image of impressions, meditations, associations. At the English lessons pupils analyze the selected problem, defend their position. Pupils should be able to estimate the read works critically, to state thoughts in written form according to the put problem, to learn to defend their point of view and to make their own decision in an understanding way in a class. Such form of a

lesson develops mental pupils’ functions, logic and analytical thinking and that is important, ability to think in a foreign language. The lesson in the form of a musical play promotes development socio-cultural competence and acquaintance with the cultures of the English-speaking countries. Methodical advantages of song creativity in teaching a foreign language are obvious. It promotes aesthetic and moral education of schoolchildren, opens creative abilities of each pupil more fully. Thanks to musical singing at a lesson the favorable psychological climate is created, the weariness decreases, language activity is stirred up. In many cases’ it serves also as a discharge reducing pressure and restors pupils’ working capacity. Recently the method of projects gets more and

more supporters. It is directed to develop child’s active independent thinking and to teach him to remember and reproduce knowledge which are given to him by school, and to be able to put them into practice. The design technique at work differs by a co-operative character on the project. Activity carried out is creative in its essence and focused on the person of the pupil. It assumes a high level of individual and collective responsibility for performance of each task on project working out. Teamwork of the group of pupils over the project is inseparable from active communicative interaction of pupils. The design technique is one of forms of the organisation of research informative activity in which pupils take an active subjective position. Theme of the project can be

connected with one subject sphere or have a interdisciplined character. At selection of a theme of the project the teacher should be guided by interests and requirements of pupils, their possibilities and the personal importance of the forthcoming work, the practical importance of the result of work on the project. The executed project can be presented in the most different forms: an article, recommendations, an album, a collage and many other things. Forms of presentation of the project are also various: a report, a conference, a competition, a holiday, a performance. The main result of work on the project will be actualisation of available and getting new knowledge, skills and abilities and their creative application in new conditions. Work on the project is carried out in some

stages and usually is beyond educational activity at lessons: a choice of a theme or a project problem; formation of group of executors; working out of the plan of work on the project, definition of terms; distribution of tasks among pupils; fulfilment of the tasks, discussion the results of fulfilment of each task in a group; registration of joint result; the report under the project; an estimation of performance of the project. Work by a design technique demands from pupils a high degree of independence of search activity, coordination of their actions, active research, performing and communicative interaction. The role of the teacher consists in preparation of pupils for work on the project, choice of a theme, in rendering assistance by the pupil at scheduling, in the current

control and consultation of pupils on a course of performance of the project with function of participator. So, the basic idea of a method of projects consists in transferring accent from a various kind of exercises on active cogitative activity of pupils during joint creative work. The specified forms of work are comprehensible in all classes. It is natural that its volume and character of management of it on the part of the teachers differ. In the methods it is accepted to allocate following levels of independent work: - Reproducing (copying); - The semicreative; - The creative. Reproducing level of independent work is very important at learning a foreign language as it underlies its other levels, and it is responsible for formation of pronouncing -lexical and grammatical base,