Династия Плантагенетов в истории Англии

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ИНСТИТУТ ИНОСТРАННЫХ ЯЗЫКОВ ФАКУЛЬТЕТ “ЯЗЫКИ И КУЛЬТУРЫ” КУРСОВАЯ РАБОТА НА ТЕМУ: “Династия Плантагенетов в истории Англии” Студент 301 а/и группы Петрова Ю.А. Научный руководитель Фролова И.Г. МОСКВА-2002 Institute of foreign Languages Faculty “ Languages and Cultures” COURSE PAPER «The Plantagenet Dynasty in the History of Great Britain” Student 301 a/i group Petrova J. Scientific supervisor Frolova I.G. Moscow-2002 Contents Introduction 4-5 Part I. The early Plantagenets ( Angeving kings) 6-16 1.  Henry II 7-11 2.  Richard I Coeur de Lion 12-13 3.  John Lackland 14-16 Part II. The last

Plantagenets 17-30 1.  Henry III 17-18 2.  Edward I 19-20 3.  Edward II 21-22 4.  Edward III 23-24 5.  Richard II 25-30 Conclusion 31-33 Bibliography 34-35 References 36-38 INTRODUCTION The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a monarchy, now Parliamentary and once an absolute one. That’s why the history of the country closely connected with the history of Royal dynasties. Speaking about royal dynasties in England we should take in mind the fact, that the first one appeared in the country with the Norman invasion in 1066. In the ancient time after Anglo-Saxon invasion the country consisted of small kingdoms each ruled by its own king. Their representatives (Chieftains of the kingdoms)– the Witan – chose king of England (for

example Edward the Confessor). It was William the Conqueror, who began the first dynasty – House of Normandy. William I the Conqueror –Duke of Normandy (1035-1087) invaded England, defeated and killed his rival Harold at the Battle of Hastings and became King of England. With the coronation of William the new period in history of England began. England turned into a centralizes , strong feudal monarchy. The period of small kingdoms ended and started the Era of Absolute Monarchy. William was Duke of Normandy and at the same time the King of England. He controlled two large areas: Normandy – inherited from his father and England – he won it. Both areas were his personal possession. To William the only difference was that in France he had a King above him and he had to serve

him. In England he had nobody above him. Nobody could say who he was – an Englishman or a Frenchman. The Norman Conquest of England was completed by 1072 aided by the establishment of feudalism under which his followers were granted land in return for pledges of service and loyalty. As King William was noted for his efficient harsh rule. His administration relied upon Norman and other foreign personnel especially Lanfranc Archbishop of Canterbury. In 1085 started Domesday Book. In this book there was the reflection of what happened to England. The next kings were kings of Plantagenet’s dynasty. I have chosen the history of this dynasty as a subject for my course paper because, on the one hand, being a student of the English language I can’t but be interested in the history

of this country, and, on the other hand, not so much is written about the Plantagenet’s kings, among which there were such world-known persons as Richard-the-Lion Heart and John Lackland. Part I. The early Plantagenets (Angeving kings) House of Plantagenet. “The Plantagenet dynasty took its name form the “planta Genesta” (Latine), or broom, traditionally an emblem of the counts of Anjou. Geoffrey is the only true Plantagenet so-called, because he wore a spring of broom-genet in his cap. It was a personal nickname, such as Henry’s “Curt-manted”. Soon this nick-name habit was to die, to be replaced by names taken from one’s birthplace. Members of this dynasty ruled over England from 1154 till 1399. However, in conventional historical usage , Henry II (son of Count